8 different types of contraceptives

Contraception aims to prevent pregnancy by stopping egg production or preventing implantation. Some types of birth control can be used to prevent pregnancy, and some types also protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STIs).


It is the only type of contraception that protects and prevents most STIs. This contraceptive technique can be used on demand, is readily available, hormone free, and can be easily used. Male condoms roll over an erect penis and function as a physical barrier to the transmission of sexual fluids between man and woman. The female condom is applied directly before intercourse in the vagina. Based on traditional use, the female version is not as effective as the male latex condom, and it may take a lot of getting used to.

Combined pill:

The combined oral contraceptive pill is commonly referred to simply as “the pill”. It includes estrogen and progesterone, two synthetic female hormones. These hormones are produced naturally in a woman’s ovaries. The hormones in the pill prevent a woman’s ovaries from making an egg (ovulating). They also make it harder for sperm to reach an egg or for an egg to implant in the lining of the womb. The pill is most often used to prevent conception, but it can also be used to treat painful periods, heavy periods, PMS, and endometriosis.

Intrauterine System (IUD):

This small T-shaped device is inserted into a woman’s uterus by a trained healthcare professional and is made from a material that contains copper or the hormone progesterone. It is a long-acting, reversible contraception that can last from three to ten years, depending on the type. To prevent pregnancy, some IUDs contain hormones that are released gradually. If inserted by a healthcare professional within five days (120 hours) of unprotected sex, the IUD may be effective emergency contraception.

Contraceptive implant:

A tiny flexible rod is inserted under the skin of a woman’s arm to release a version of the hormone progesterone. The hormone inhibits the ovary’s ability to release an egg and thickens cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus. Insertion of the implant involves a minor procedure using local anesthesia to install and remove the rod, and it must be renewed every three years.

The “Morning After” pill:

If contraception has not been used or if a condom breaks during sex, the “morning after” pill, also known as the “birth control pill”, can be used to prevent pregnancy after sex. sexual. Although it is often referred to as the “morning after” pill, it can last for up to five days after unprotected sex. It is most effective if taken during the first three days after sex. When used in the first three days after intercourse, it prevents about 85% of anticipated pregnancies, but should not be used regularly and should be reserved for emergency use only.

Contraceptive ring:

This technique consists of a flexible plastic ring that continuously releases hormones and is inserted into the vagina. It stays in place for three weeks, then you take it off, rest for a week, and replace it. The ring secretes the hormones estrogen and progesterone. These are the same hormones that are found in the combined oral contraceptive pill, although at a lower dose.


This is a small, soft silicone dome that is inserted into the vagina to prevent sperm from entering the uterus. It, like a condom, creates a physical barrier between a man’s sperm and a woman’s egg. After intercourse, the diaphragm should remain in place for at least six hours. It should be removed and cleaned after six hours, but no later than 24 hours after intercourse.


Sterilization is the act of completely suppressing the body’s ability to reproduce. It is a long-term, or rather permanent, contraceptive option for those who are sure they never want or want more children. Both women and men can be sterilized and the procedure is done under general anesthesia in a hospital.

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